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  Progress in Chemistry, 2011, Vol. 23, Issue (7) : 1507-1519 Current Issue | Next Issue | Archive  
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  Qin Zhi, Fan Fangli, Wu Xiaolei, Bai Jing, Ding Huajie, Lei Fuan, Tian Wei, Guo. Synthesis and Chemical Properties of Superheavy Elements  Progress in Chemistry, 2011, 23(7): 1507-1519
  秦芝, 范芳丽, 吴晓蕾, 白静, 丁华杰, 雷富安, 田伟, 郭俊盛. 超重元素合成及其化学性质研究  化学进展, 2011, 23(7): 1507-1519
Special issues
Synthesis and Chemical Properties of Superheavy Elements
Qin Zhi*, Fan Fangli, Wu Xiaolei, Bai Jing, Ding Huajie, Lei Fuan, Tian Wei, Guo Junsheng
Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
Abstract:

Superheavy elements are those with high atomic number, beginning with element 104 (Rf). The research of superheavy elements is frontier topics in nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry. The present status of synthesis of superheavy elements is introduced, including the three synthesis methods——“hot fusion”, “cold-fusion” and “warm fusion” and the discovery of a new chemical element with atomic number Z=117. The current gas chemistry experimental studies of element 108 and element 112 are discussed in detail. And the prospects of the development of superheavy elements are also reviewed.

Contents
1 Introduction
2 Status of synthesis of superheavy elements
3 The influence of relativistic effects on superheavy elements
4 Chemical properties of superheavy elements
4.1 Element 108
4.2 Element 112
5 Status of the heavy elements in China
6 Conclusions and prospects

Key words: superheavy elements   synthesis   chemical properties  
Received: 2010-12-01  Revised: 2011-03-01 
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